Before purchasing a
Discreet AIDS Testing Kit, it is helpful to know some statistics regarding AIDS and HIV. The following is a brief summation of the AIDS worldwide epidemic. If you are
looking for information on AIDS
treatments, click here.
AIDS and HIV Worldwide
Statistics: Reasons For AIDS Testing
People Living with AIDS
According to estimates from the Joint United Nations
Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and the World Health Organization (WHO), 40
million adults and 2.7 million children were living with AIDS at the end of
2001. This is more than 50% higher that the figures projected by WHO in 1991
on the basis of the data then available.
Infections and Deaths
2001, approximately 5 million people became infected with the human
immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes AIDS. The year also saw 3
million deaths from HIV/AIDS; a higher global total than in any year since
the beginning of the epidemic, despite antiretroviral therapy which staved
off AIDS and AIDS deaths in the richer countries.
among those already infected will continue to increase for some years even
if prevention programs and global AIDS testing manage to cut the number of new infections to zero.
However, with the HIV positive population still expanding, the annual
number of AIDS deaths can be expected to increase for many years.
Affected By HIV & AIDS
half of all people who acquire HIV become infected before they turn 25 and
typically die of the life threatening illnesses called "AIDS"
before their 35th birthday. This age factor makes AIDS uniquely
threatening to children. By the end of 1999, the epidemic had left behind
a cumulative total of 13.2 million AIDS orphans, defined as those having
lost their mother or both parents before reaching the age of 15.
2001, an estimated 800,000 children aged 14 or younger became infected
with HIV. Over 90% were babies born to HIV-positive women, who acquired
the virus at birth or through their mother's breast milk. Of these, almost
nine-tenths were in sub-Saharan Africa. Africa's lead in mother to child
transmission of HIV was increased, despite new evidence that HIV
ultimately impairs women's fertility. Once infected, a woman can be
expected to bear 20% fewer children than she otherwise would.
AIDS testing would save children's lives by giving the
perspective parents prior knowledge of the risks ahead.
Men and AIDS
all parts of the world except sub-Saharan Africa, there are more men
infected with HIV and dying of AIDS than women. Altogether, an estimated
2.5 million men aged 15-49 became infected during 2001, bringing the
number of adult males living with HIV or AIDS by the end of the year to
around the world
overwhelming majority of people with HIV, some 95% of the global total,
live in the developing world. That proportion is set to grow even further
as infection rates continue to rise in countries where poverty, poor
health systems and limited resources for prevention and care fuel the
spread of the virus.
the year 2001, 30,000 adults and children are estimated to have acquired
HIV in Western Europe, and 45,000 in North America. Overall HIV prevalence
has risen slightly in both regions, mainly because anti retroviral therapy
is keeping HIV positive people alive longer.
Africa south of the Sahara desert, an estimated 3.4 million adults and
children became infected with HIV during the year 2001, bringing the total
number of people in the region living with HIV/AIDS to 28.1 million by the
end of the year. The number of people who became infected during the year
was slightly less than the 2000 total of 3.8 million. However, this trend
will not continue if countries such as Nigeria begin experiencing a rapid
the moment, overall HIV prevalence, the regional total of people living
with HIV or AIDS continues to rise because there are still more newly
infected individuals joining it each year than there are people leaving it
through death. However, as people infected years ago succumb to HIV
related illnesses (average survival in the absence of antiretroviral
therapy is estimated at around 8-10 years), mortality from AIDS is
increasing. AIDS deaths in 2000 totaled 2.4 million, as compared with 2.2
million in 1999. In the coming years, unless there is far broader access
to life prolonging therapy, and providing that new infections do not start
rising again, the number of surviving HIV positive Africans can be
expected to stabilize and finally shrink, as AIDS increasingly claims the
lives of those infected long ago.
is estimated that 12 to 13 African women are currently infected for every
10 African men infected. There are a number of reasons why female
prevalence is higher than male in this region, including the greater
efficiency of male to female HIV transmission through sex and the younger
age at initial infection for women.
Europe and Central Asia
estimated number of adults and children living with HIV or AIDS in Eastern
Europe and the countries of the former Soviet Union was 420,000 at the end
of 1999. Just two years later, a conservative estimate puts the figure at
1 million. Most of the quarter million adults who became infected during
2000 are men, with the majority of them being injection drug users. In
Estonia, reported HIV infections have soared from 12 in 1999 to 1,112
during the first nine months of 2001.
the Russian Federation, the startling increase in HIV infections of recent
years is continuing, with new reported diagnosis having almost doubled
annually since 1998. In 2001, more than 40,000 new HIV Positive diagnoses
were reported in the first six months.
incidences are rising faster in Eastern Europe and central Asia than
anywhere else in the world. However, the epidemic is still at an early
stage in the region and massive prevention efforts could curtail its scale
estimated 800,000 adults have become infected in South and South-East Asia
during the course of the year 2001. Overall, as of the end of 2001, the
region is estimated to have 6.1 million adults and children living with
HIV or AIDS.
region of East Asia and the Pacific is still keeping HIV at bay in most of
its huge population. Some 270,000 adults and children became infected
during the course of the year. This brings the number of people living
with HIV or AIDS at the end of the year 2001 to 1 Million, representing
just 0.1% of the region's adult population, as compared with the
prevalence rate of 0.6% in South and South-East Asia.
and the Middle East
new country estimates of HIV infection were produced for this region
between 1994 and 1999. Recent evidence, however, suggests that new
infections are on the rise. With an estimated 80,000 new infections in the
region during 2001, the number of adults and children living with HIV or
AIDS had reached 440,000.
and the Caribbean
Latin America an estimated 130,000 adults and children became infected
during 2001. An estimated 1.4 million adults and children are living with
HIV in Latin America and the Caribbean, a region that is experiencing
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Public Health Service
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention
UNAIDS Joint United Nations
Program on HIV/AIDS,
"AIDS Epidemic Update
December 2001 " and " Report on the global HIV/AIDS epidemic